Tourism in an LEDC – KENYA CASE STUDY
Where is Kenya?
· Kenya is situated in East Africa, its capital city is Nairobi and it has a population of approximately 30 million.
Why visit Kenya?
· Attractive climate (Tropical) - sunshine all year round; hot and humid at the coast; temperate inland and dry in the NE (rainy season - April-June and Oct-Dec; heavy rainfall afternoon / early evening)
· Safari Holidays popular - e.g. Maasai Mara / Nakuru National Parks
· Cultural experience - many visit local tribes such as the Maasai
· Coastal holidays - SE of Kenya - fine sands and coral reefs - e.g. Mombassa.
· Kenya was one of the first LEDC countries to achieve mass tourism - in the 1970s and 1980s there was a rapid increase in the numbers of tourists - particularly following the release of the films - Born Free and Out of Africa.
· Tourist numbers also increased as larger aircraft in the 1980s bought prices of air travel down -
Advantages of Tourism in Kenya?
· Tourism encourages the building of new roads and better communications
· Jobs in tourism have helped develop people's business skills
· Tourism has created all year round jobs for Kenyans
· Tourism is Kenya's biggest earner of foreign exchange
· Tourism has stimulated farming, by creating a demand for local food from farmers
· National parks have been created - these help to encourage people to protect the environment
Disadvantages of Tourism in Kenya?
· There is leakage of income - a lot of the money paid for holidays, never reaches Kenya (travel companies and foreign owned hotels get it).
· Safari minibuses disturb animals often getting too close (e.g. can be 30-40 buses around a single animals in the Maasai Mara) and cause soil erosion (tyres churn up the Savanna grasses)
· Many Maasai are traditionally nomadic, many have been forced out of the National Parks - losing their land and also losing their traditional lifestyles
· Hot air balloons in parks such as the Maasai Mara disturb animals by casting shadows and from the noise of the burners.
· Coastal environments such as those in Mombassa have been damaged - e.g. destruction of coral reef…