Tourism & Case Studies

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  • Created by: missp
  • Created on: 30-05-16 19:59

Tourism 

  • Tourism is an activity that involves a visit away from home 
  • Tourism is a worldwide industry employing 10% of all peopleof working age 
  • Tourism has been the world's fastest growing industry since the 1950s

What attracts people to a place?

Human:

  • Quiet neighbourhood 
  • Close to town centres
  • Abundance of local shops, cafes, restaurants, bars and nightlife
  • Plethora of daytime activies; watersports
  • Hotel facilites
  • Money exchange 

Physical:

  • Close proximity to beach 
  • Type of weather 
  • Temperature 
  • Attractive climate e.g no litter, clear sea
  • Landforms e.g mountains 
  • Ecosystems/ wildlife

Why are people having more holidays?

  • People are earning more money and can afford to go on more holidays 
  • Companies now give employees paid holiday 
  • Travel is now quicker and easier than ever
  • Travel has become cheaper
  • Travel companies create package holidays - its easier to plan exotic holidays 

Popular Tourism areas:

Cities:

People are attracted to cities such as Rome, London, New York and Paris. All these popular destinations offer culture and entertainment. Cities have recently become popular 'weekend breaks'.

Mountains:

People are attracted to mountain areas by the beautiful scenery and with activities like walking, climbing, skiing and snowboarding. The Alps and the Himalayas are good examples of this.

Coasts:

People are attracted to coastal areas by beaches and activities like swimming and fishing. A popular destination is the Caribbean.

Why is tourism important?

  • Toruism creates jobs for local people
  • This increases the income of other businesses that supply the tourism industry 
  • It is important to both rich and poor countries. Although poorer countries are more dependent on tourism as a source of income.

Tourism makes a big contribution to the UK Economy-

  • There were 34.4 million overseas visitors to the UK in 2014, and collectively spent a record £21.8 billion
  • The UK is popular with tourists because of its countryside, historic landmarks (e.g Stonehenge), churches and cathedrals (e.g Saint Paul's cathedral) and its castles and palaces (e.g Buckingham Palace)
  • London is particularly popular; it's the destination for half of all visitorsto the UK

The Tourist Area Life Cycle/ Resort Life Cycle:

1. Exploration: Small numbers of visitors are attacted to the area, e.g by scenery - not many tourist facilities.

2. Involvement: Local people start providing facilities for the tourists. which attracts more visitors.

3. Development: More and more visitors come as more facilities are built. Control of tourism in the area passes from locals to big companies.

4. Consolidation: Tourism is still a big part of the local economy, but tourist numbers are beginning to level off.

5. Stagnation: Visitor numbers have peaked. Facilities are no longer as good and tourists have had a negative impact on the local environment, making the area less attractive to visit.

6. - Rejuvenation: If the area is rejuvenated then more visitors will come as they're attracted by the new facilities.

    - Decline: Fewer visitors come as the area is less attractive. This leads to decline of the area as facilities shut or become run-down.

A place in the sun

Economic…

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