Topic 1: Design Process
1.1. The design cycle model and the design process
1.1.1 Describe how designers use design cycle models to represent the design process:
· The cycle is used in varying ways – simple and/or complex
· A systematic cyclical process à eventually produces a solution to a problem.
1.1.2 List the stages in the IB design cycle model (DCM)
· 6 stages:
o Identifying or clarifying a need or opportunity
o Analysing, researching and specifying requirements
o Generating ideas and solutions
o Developing the chosen solution
o Realizing the chosen solution
o Testing and evaluating the chosen solution
1.1.3 Describe a design brief (It is the stage where the design spends the most time with the client)
· The design brief = the formal starting point for a new design. It is a statement of the expectations of the design.
· Doesn’t provide the design solution…but is a statement that sets out:
o The design goal
o The target market
o The major constraints
o The criteria by which a good design proposal may be achieved (for example, increased value for money and/or cost-effectiveness for manufacturer).
1.1.4 Describe the identifying or clarifying a need or opportunity stage of the IB design cycle model
· Listing a concise brief…fulfilling all of the above factors of what the brief requires
1.1.5 Describe a design specification
· It justifies the precise requirements of a design. It will include a full list of the criteria against which the specification can be evaluated. (Must, should, could) - Ergonomics, health and safety, aesthetics etc.
· It needs to be explained in relation to the design brief.
1.1.6 Describe the analyzing, researching, and specifying requirements stage of the IB design cycle model:
· In the start of everything there’s the initial specifications….then it all ends with the PDS (product design specifications)
· Variety of sources to answer the brief
· Balance between qualitative and quantitative, primary and seconday