Topic 3 PP power n the distribution

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THE BRITSH STATE -BRIEF HISTORY

  • Overtime the monachy has handed over the power of the state to the people.
  • 19th century the house of commons expanded the vote to middle class leading to the emergence of distinct political parties. at the same time, the government interfeared very little with peoples everyday lives.
  • 1928 the vote was extended to those over 21 
  • in 1945-51 the labour government exoanded to role of the state in many ways- nationalisation of industries such as the railway and minds , the start of the NHS  and the extention of of state welfare to relieve poverty.& extended control of educatoon 
  • THSE CHANGEST LEAD TO:
  • An expansion of the number of people employed by pulic, civil and government services.
  • 1979 maggie won the election and commited into reducing the role of the state - sold off institutions (privatisation)m council houses were sold , tax lowered.
  • the labour governmenrt came into power in 1997 and commited to being a third way, ie taking responsibility for those who are/were socially excluded as well as ecoraging people to take responsibility for their actions.
  • third way =taking responsibility for maintining stable econoic conditions, however global influences can underine state actions.
  • THEORIES OF THE MODERN STATE/PLUALIST VIEW OF THE STATE.
  • Dahl 1961 argues that the modern democratic societies are caraterised by power being spread through elite groups reperesented by political parties and pressure groups.
  • although elites share a basic consensus/agreement on social values and goals, they are most often in conflict with one another.
  • according to pluralists, the function of the state is to act as an independent and neutral referee and their role is to reconcile and accomodate competing intrests.
  • they believe that one grouo…

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