To What Extent was the Tsarist Sytem of Govenment modified in the years 1881-1914?

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  • Alexander III- He undid many reforms introduced by Alexander II and create the post of 'Land Captain' to enforce local laws. These were members of the landed classes and were made members of the zemstva whose franchise was restricted to ensure the landed classes had the most political power. Primary schools were put under Church control and trial by jury was abolished.
  • October Manifesto- This promised reforms of an elected national parliament and proposed freedom of speech, religion and civil rights. It allowed the Tsar to remain in control and in 1906 he issued the…


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