To who extent did Cromwell fulfill his aims, 1653-58?
2 main aims:
- Heal & settle divisions within the 3 kingdoms - create a settled government
- Religious/Godly reform
BUT these are hard to do in conjunction with each other
Paragraph 1: Divisions within England
Can't create a Middle Way therefore heal & settle is impossible. it was the extremists that supported him.
Needs to compromise - but not prepared to.
3 kingdoms divided:
- England divded both politically (Royalists vs Republicans) ad Religiously (Presbyterians vs Independents).
- Commonswealthmen vs Cromwellians
- 3 Kingdoms divided between themselves anyway
He inherits these divisions
Paragraph 2: Cromwell's experiments of governments
Governments are short-lived - impatient. Divisions in them - no chance of heal & settle.
Doesn't give them time to enforce things therefore nothing enforced.
Failure of the Rump, Nominated assembly and his own power.
Wants religious toleration but for people to be Puritans - contradicts, can't have both.
Paragraph 3: Cromwell's legitimacy questioned