Therapies for treating abnormalities.

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Biological Therapies

Electroconvulsive Therapy - this involves attacted wires to a clients head and administering anaesthetics to ensure no danger occurs to the patient. Then, electric shocks are administered to the brain. This therapy is used for depressed people and is only used a last resort.

Drugs - drugs are used in two categories; antidepressants and antipsychotics. Antidepressants are used to treat depression and they reduce the levels of serotonin. Antipsychotics are used to treat disorders like schizophrenia and the drugs used reduce the levels of dopamine.

Psychodynamic Therapies.

Psychoanalysis - psychoanalysis involves free association. This is where the client talks to the therapist about anything, no matter how irrelevant it may feel. Throught the talks, the therapist will look into what the patient says through patterns of words and then will tell the patient their observations. The client will then be able to reject, challenge or add to the observation. The aim os the talks is to try and identify any unconcious, unresolved issues from childhood.

Cognitve Therapies.

Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) - This is where a therapist will try to turn


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