Theory of Mind: Deception (Machiavellian intelligence)

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·      If an animal has ToM, it will understand the behaviour of other animals and will be influenced by the knowledge they have.

·      Woodruff and Premack tested this theory to see if animals with ToM were capable of deception:

o   They got individual chimps to observe a person hide food under one of 2 containers.

o   Next, one of 2 trainers came in. One would share the food if the chimp chose correctly, the other would keep it for himself.

o   The 2 trainers were deessed in different coloured…


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