theory and methods- Functionalism



  • consensus theory
  • macro approach

Fuctional prerequisites - basic needs of society, social order is the most important 

Functional alternatives/ functional equivalents - institutions that perform the same funtion as another institution, for example civil religion 

Determinism- the view that people dont have free will

socialisation- is the internalisation of culture (norms and values)

Value consensus- sharing similar norms and values

social order- refers to the way in which society is organised along with certain rules and standards 

Meritocracy- everyone has an equal opportunit to succed, the idea that those who work hard get rewarded through effort and ablity 

Organic analogy- institutions in society are interdependent to ensure societies survival

Emile Durkheim

  • society maintainss social order through shared values
  • shared values…


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