- Weber believed that ideas, including religous ideas, had an independant effect on social and economic change
- To demonstrate this, he examined the relationship between new religous ideas and the development of the capitalist system of production
- Specifically he argued thatthe ethical orientation of Calvinist Protestants led to practices that gave impetus to capitalist modes of production - the 'spirit of capitalism'
- Catholic culture was portrayed as being concerned with conspicuous consumption, whereas Protestantism encouraged a frugal frame of mind in which income was ploughed back into production rather than spent on luxuries
- Therefore there was an elective affinity…