The Treaty of Versailles

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The treaty of Versailles

The aims of the Big 3

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Lloyd George's aims:

  • A "just" peace that would be tough enough to please the electors who "wanted Germany to pay" but leave Germany strong enough to trade.
  • Land for Britain's empire
  • To safeguard Britain's naval supremacy

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Woodrow Wilson's aims:

  • To end war by creating a League of Nations- based on Wilson's 14 points
  • To ensure that Germany was not destroyed
  • To not blame Germany for the war - he hated the guilt clause

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Clemenceau's aims:

  • Revenge and punish Germany
  • To return Alsace-Lorraine to France
  • No league of Nations (LoN)
  • Independent Rhineland
  • Huge reperations
  • To weaken Germany (army) so that Germany will never be strong enough to attack France again

Armistice - An agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time (i.e. a truce).

The Armistice of 11th November 1918 was greeted with great joy. Europeans wanted lasting peace and to make Germany pay for the damage done (+ revenge).

The Germans expected that the peace treaty would be based on Wilson's 14 points. The six key examples were:

  • Setting up a LoNs
  • Disarmament
  • Self determination

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