- Gets its name from the rebirth of interest in the ideas of the classical period.
- Saw the emergence of science from from mysticism and magic.
- The Royal Society was founded in 1660.
- The beginning of the Renaissance is often dated from 1453 AD when Constantinople fell.
- This drove scholars with knowledge of Greek and Roman learning westwards.
- Universities began using scientific method.
- The invention of the printing press helped new ideas spread.
- Academics during the renaissance thought that a well-educated person should be proficient in science and art.
- Great artists therefore attended dissections of human corpses and wrote on scientific subjects using images.
- The return of the classical authors (Galen and Hippocrates) led to a renewed belief in the four humours.
- Attempts to take religious thought back to classical time meant many broke away from the Roman Catholic Church.
- The Roman Catholic Church had dominated European religion since paganism and the elimination of the Celtic Christians.
- These changes were bound to produce reactionaries who were a threat to the thinkers of the renaissance.
- Paracelsus began his lecturing career in 1527 by burning one of Galens books and calling him a liar and Avicenna (a kitchen master).
- He rejected the idea of the four humours.
- He gave his lectures in German instead of Latin and opened them to anyone that wanted to attend including barber-surgeons.
- Rats, lice + fleas were a part of every day lives.
- It took the plague of 1665 to get the authorities to do anything.
- Early modern towns were similar to medieval towns. Rubbish and human waste was thrown into the streets.
- 'Surgeons' examined the dead to work out the extent of the plague.
- If a member of a house had the plague they…