Benzenes undergo different reactions:
Benzene + Nitric acid gives Nitrobenzene + water.
Reagants are Benzene and concentrated nitric acid mixed with concentrated sulfuric acid.
Conditions are temperature below 55 degrees C.
The electrophile is N O2 plus.
Benzene + sulfuric acid gives benzenesulfonic acid + water.
Reagants are benzene and concentrated sulfuric acid.
Conditions are heat under reflux for several hours.
The electrophile is S O3.
Benzene + Chlorine gives Chlorobenzene + Hydrochloric acid.
Reagants are benzene and chlorine and anhydrous aluminium chloride.
Conditions are room temperature.
The electrophile is CL plus.
Benzene + Bromine gives…