The psychosexual theory of adult personality development

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Corinnaxo
  • Created on: 10-04-14 20:38


  • Freud stated that everything we do, why and who we are is because of our sex drive
  • We all have different adult personalities because we all have different childhood sexual experiences
  • We develop our adult personality through psychosexual stages: the oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital stage
  • At each stage, gratification activities are different and the areas of the body where we get pleasure from are also different
  • There is a conflict between our sex drive and the rules of society. If these conflicts are successfully resolved at each stage, it means we can move on to the next stage
  • If they are not resolved, fixations will occur and we will forever be in the current stage unless conflicts are resolved
  • This is believed to what the cause is for several personality and behavioural disorders


  • 0-1.5 years
  • At this stage, we gain pleasure from the mouth
  • Gratifying activities include biting, gumming, chewing and swallowing so any mouth movements
  • We gain comfort from the mother's breast, if we want to show our love, we will **** on the breast and if we want to show our anger, we will bite on the breast
  • At this stage, our ego and superego have not yet developed so we are purely governed by our ID
  • This means that we will want our needs to be met straight away
  • If we are forcefully fed, then fixations could occur
  • It is said that at this stage, we all develop a fixation
  • This means in our adult personality, we bite on gum, pens, nails or any other object


  • 1.5-3 years
  • We gain pleasure from the anus
  • We like to pass/restrain bowel movements
  • At this stage we are potty trained so we are taught when and where it is acceptable to pass faeces
  • We realise we have power over our parents because we can control when we pass faeces
  • If our parents are not


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Psychodynamic approach resources »