Summits from Geneva to Vienna
The Geneva Summit - 1955
- The Geneva Summit of July 1955 was the first meeting of US and Soviet leaders since the Potsdam Conference of July 1945.
- The meeting was an attempt to resolve the status of Germany and begin negotiations about arms control.
- Khrushchev took the initiative, reasserting Stalin's plan to create a united and neutral Germany but the US refused to accept this.
- West Germany had recently joined NATO and the US regarded it as central to the defence of Western Europe.
- In return, Khrushchev proposed disbanding NATO and the Warsaw Pact but Eisenhower believed that NATO was essential to Western security.
- Eisenhower countered by suggesting arms limitation treaties backed by an "open skies" policy.
- His proposal involved agreed limits on superpower military power and they would also authorise surrveillance flghts over each other's territory to check the limits were being adhered to.
- Khrushchev rejected the open skies policy.
- No agreement was reached but there was an acceptance of the status quo and an understanding that neither side wanted war.
- The two leaders agreed to…
Similar History resources:
The post-Stalin thaw in superpower relations between 1953 and 1962 and Khrushchev’s policy of Peaceful Coexistence