Eisenhower's "New Look"
Eisenhower as a president
- Eisenhower replaced Truman in January 1953.
- He had been Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in western Europe from 1943 and later the first commander of NATO.
- He came in to office promising to stand up to communism.
Eisenhower's foreign policy
- He was determined to introduce a "New Look" foreign policy.
- He quickly initiated Operation Solarium - a full review of US policy options.
- He appointed an experience foreign policy team led by Secretary of State - John Dulles.
- Operation Solarium established the following basic principles to guide US foreign policy:
- National security was to include the defence of democratic and capitalist values as well as geographical territory.
- Eisenhower felt it was vital to achieve the appropriate balance bewtween defence needs and other spending priorities - he decided to cut conventional forces and focus on the nuclear arsenal.
Eisenhower and nuclear weapons
- He was very clear about the significance of nuclear weapons, had no illusions about the consequenses of nuclear conflict and believed that Soviet leaders would not…
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