The multiregional model An Opposing View of the Dispersal of Homo Sapiens
Basic facts which both models agree on.
• Hominins first left Africa and established populations in other parts of the world (first southern Asia, China, and Java, later Europe) by 1.8 million years ago.
• Humans today are quite different anatomically and behaviourally from archaic people (that is, most humans before 40,000 years ago) anywhere in the world.
• Human populations today are genetically very similar to each other.
• African populations today are more genetically diverse than populations in other parts of the world.
• Recent humans in Europe and Asia share a few features with the ancient archaic people who lived in those places before 40,000 years ago.
Strongly supported by Leonard Wolpoff.
The multiregional model.
• Around 1.8 million years ago, Homo erectus left Africa and dispersed across the globe.
• Over time Homo erectus evolved gradually through other forms of archaic human to become Homo sapiens.
• This process occurred across the range of Homo erectus.
• Homo sapiens therefore did not originate solely in Africa.
• At a basic level, Homo erectus always evolves into Homo sapiens, wherever it lives across the globe.
• In an extreme form,…