The impact of day care

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Day care is a form of temporary care not given by parents and usually takes place outside of the home.

Factors that affects quality of day care:

  • Environment
  • fully qualified
  • sensitive care given ---> Robertson and Robertson
  • Ratio of staff to children ---> 3:1


The NICHD study

Aim: The National Insititute of Child Health and Human Developement (NICHD) in American started a longitudinal study in 1991 to study aspects of child development.

Method: 1,000 children and their parents were assessed at regular intervals.

Findings: When they children were studied at the age of 5, data showed that the more time a child spent in day care, the more adults rated them as aggressive and disobedient. Children in full time day care were three time more likely to show behaviour problems than those cared for by their mothers at home.

The EPPE study

Method: The EPPE project was a European longitudianl study of young children's development between ages of 3 and 7. A wide range of information was collected on 3,000 children looking at the background characteristics of the children, including home environment and experience of day care.

Findings: children who spent longer in day care were rated by their teachers as showing more anti-social behaviours such as aggression and disobedience. This effects was mainly in children that attended local authority day nurseries and private day nurseries, where most children start when they are…


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