Using material from Item 2B and elsewhere, assess the view that, in today's society, the family is losing its functions (24 marks)
- Functionalist view of the family
- The role of the education system
- Rising divorce rates
- Lone-parent families
- Births outside marriage
From item 2b you can see that...
- functionalists see the family as fulfilling a number of important functions for individuals and for society
- other sociologists disagree and believe that these functions are being taken over by other institutions and the family is losing its importance.
- see society as based on a value consensus (a shared set of values and norms or culture). This shared culture enables members of society to co-operate harmoniously to meet society's needs and to achieve their common goals.
- family plays a vital role in maintaining the social system and meeting the needs of other sub-systems eg. the economy
- positive view of the family, performs beneficial functions for wider society and all its individual members.
- Murdock: four essential functions (nuclear family)
- Stable satisfaction of the sex drive
- Reproduction of the next generation
- Socialisation of…