The family and social structure

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Functionalist Murdock believes nuclear family is universal- studied 250 societies; also defined extended families, includes relations by blood or marriage

The Nayar: Gough found Nayar, Southern Indian society both women and men had more than one partner, men were warriors come home to one of their wives, if man already there had to move on- against common residence of nuclear family

Matrifocal families- Gonzalez says adapted to living in poverty, Sheeran says female carer-core is universal family unit, consists of mother and children- against nuclear family

Gay and Lesbain families- Stacey's study, postmodern accepting differing family types- 2005 civil partnerships, 2014 first gay marriages- socially acceptable

Gittins says no universal family type- all societies…


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