The domestic division of labour
Parsons: instrumental and expressive roles-
Instrumental- husband- geared towards achieving success at work so he can provide for the family financially
Expressive- wife- geared towards primary socialisation of the children and meeting the family's emotional needs.
Parson's says that these roles are based on biological differences, women are 'naturally' suited to the nurturing role and men to that of provider.
Parsons says that these roles are in place as they're beneficial to both men and women, to their children and to wider society.
- Young & Willmott argue men are now taking a greater share of domestic tasks and more wives are becoming wage earners.
- Feminists reject parsons' view that the division of labour is 'natural'. They argue it heavily oppresses women and only benefits men.
Joint & segragated conjugal roles
Elizabeth bott- roles within marriage
Segragated conjugal roles- where the couple have seperate roles, the husband being the breadwinner and the wife being the homemaker/carer. Leisure activities are kept seperate.
Joint conjugal roles- Where the couple shares domestic tasks together which include childcare and housework Leisure time is spent together.
The symmetrical family
Young & Willmott (1973)- March Of Progress