the division of Germany and formation of the GDR 1945-63

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Aims of the Allies at the end of WW2

  • allies untied during the war
  • different vies afterwards
  • relationships steadily broke down
  • conflict based on ideological differences

Capatalism - USA and Britain

  • economic + political system based upon operation markes
  • privately owned bussiness which compete with each other
  • Karl Marx - minority wealthy majority poor
  • the state should not interfere with bussiness
  • state interveens to regulate bussiness and protect people from exploitation

Communism - Soviet Russia

  • economic +political system where private ownership of bussiness and property is abolished
  • collective ownership of property
  • every member of society is equal + shares resources of country equally
  • distribution carried out by the state
  • single authoritain party

How democratisation was implimented

Three western zones (USA, France, Britain)

  • Democracy established and encouraged on a local level very quickly
  • 1947, local provencies had own local parliaments
  • free political parties allowed to develop
  • people who wanted to form a political party had to be at local or national level for licence
  • only parties committed to democracy were allowed

Soviet Zone

  • Local democracy was distrusted
  • 1952, Lander was dissolved
  • political parties not allowed total freedom
  • German communists sent into soviet zone
  • comunist party encouraged to infiltrate and dominate key admin posts

Berlin Blockade (June '48 - May '49)


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