Effects of erosion at Holderness
People moving house. Need to be rehoused
Depressed people dealing with their situation
Court cases surrounding the issues
Businesses folding – jobs lost
Roads have to be replaced
No insurance companies will insure the area
Natural habitats effected
Most schemes look unsightly
Erosion increases in other areas
Key point – the schemes in place at Holderness protect valuable areas like the Gas Terminal and larger areas. The poorer people are the ones who are affected.
Case Study of Coastal Erosion and Coastal Defence:
The Holderness Coast, NE Yorkshire Coast
Where is the Holderness Coast? What is the problem?
The Holderness Coast is on the NE coast of the UK, facing the North Sea.
The coastline is mainly made up of cliffs (20-30m high), consisting of soft, easily eroded boulder clay. Where the cliff line meets the Humber Estuary, a spit has formed due to the change in the direction of the coastline - Spurn Head.
The cliff line is retreating at an alarming rate - greater than 1m / yr (fastest rate in Europe) - 4km of land have been lost since Roman Times, including many villages and farm buildings.
Easington Gas Station (a North Sea Gas terminal) which provides a significant amount of the UK’s North Sea gas is situated on the cliffs top and its position is under threat.
Why is Cliff Erosion such…