Developments in the structure and organisation of education
- 1870-1880; Formal compulsory state-organised and funded education began, education made compulsory up to the age of 10. This was introduced to ensure that children were educated, preventing them from work that's too dangerous( children worked and treated as mini adults).
- 1944 Education Act; This led to the introduction of the Tripartite System, this consisted of three different levels of schools, catering for students of different abilities, determined by the 11+ exam.Successful children were entered into Grammar Schools, all else who failed attended eirther Secondary Moderns or Technical Colleges.Grammar schools offered high standards of education, range of subjects and more academic prospects.The rationale behind the system was that it embraced the notion of equality of opportunity. However the system was seen as unfair as the education received by children largely depended on the results of the 11+ exam which was taken at such tender age.
- 1965; Labour Government took over, they reorganised secondary schools, turned them into comprehensive schools, which cater for students of all abilities, serving a local area, with more of a focus on equality of outcome.
- 1970; Conservative Government, opposed Comprehensive schools and continued the use of Grammar schools. An increased criticism of comprehensive schools began as many people thought that schools and teachers were given too much freedom in how subjects were taught and assessed, thus created an education system were quality and quantity of education differed between children. In addition it was difficult to assess the progress of children.
- 1988 Education Reform Act; the act was introduced as way of achieving centralised centralised control of the curriculum and assessment, so that progresss and performance of schools can be monitored. W…