The Renal System | Renal Failure

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The Renal System

 

Function:

-          Urine production

-          Osmoregulation

Dysfunction:

-          Renal Failure – when the kidneys fail and urine output stops. Can be life threatening because blood is overloaded with waste e.g. urea.

Causes:

-          Obstruction

-          Shock

-          Injury

-          Illness

-          Pancreatitis

-          Tumours

-          Hypertension

-          Diabetes

-          Drugs

Diagnosis:

-          GP

-          Blood tests

-          Urine tests to check kidney function

-          Dipsticks – show presence of sugar, protein or blood in urine.

-          X ray – can show lack of function

-          Urography – injection of dye then x-ray to show function

Treatment

-         Medication

-         Dialysis – A machine to remove waste, excess

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