The Psychodynamic approach

  • Created by: kateida0
  • Created on: 14-05-18 13:54

definition- a perspective that describes the different forces, most of which are unconscious, that operate on the mind and direct human behaviour and experience

The role of the unconscious- the part of the mind that we are unaware of but which continues to direct much of our behaviour

the conscious mind is the tip of the iceberg, mind is made up of conscious; what we are aware of, pre-conscious; memories and thoughts we are not currently aware of but can be accessed through 'slips of the tongue' and unconcious; we are unaware of the contens, it is a vast storehouse of biological drives which influence our behaviour

The structure of the personality-

tripartite structure, dynamic interaction between the three parts determines beavhiour. 

  • Id; primitive part of the personality operates on the pleasure principle, demands instant gratification, entirely unconscious
  • Ego; works on the relaity principle and is the mediator between the id and superego by employing defence mechanisms
  • Superego; internalised sense of right and wrong, based on the morality principle, punishes the ego through guilt

Psychosexual stages- five fixed developmental stages that all children pass through. at each stage there is a different conflict, the outcome of


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