The reasons for the October Manifesto
-17th October 1905, Nicholas issued a decree promising constitutional reform.
-Its details were drawn up by Witte.
-A number of factors lay behind it.
-The autocracy hadn't modernised along with the economy.
-The poor working and living conditions the workers had to live in which was causing discontent.
-The peasants still had poor living conditions, were indebted because of redemption payments, were constantly discriminated against, were highly taxed and lacked land.
-Grievences of the ethnic minorities who had never been fully assimilated and were subject to Russification.
-The resentment of the middle class as they had been given a taste of power in the Zemstva but were still denied a national assembly.
-The despair of students and intellectuals because Russia wouldn't modernise which would ensure a better future for all.
-The feelings of humiliation, disruption of the economy and helplessness of the Russians after the Russo-Japanese war.
-The economic depression and bad…