The New Monarchy, 1492 - 1500 (Part 3)

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New Monarchy, 1492 - 1500

The establishment of the Inquisition:

  • 13th C. institution that had operated in Aragon
  • Established 1478
  • Not operated F + I came to throne
  • Designed to deal with Conversos
  • 1478 = Pope Sixtus IV gave F + I papal bull
  • 1481 = Inquisitors appointed in Seville
  • Feb 1481 - 1486 = 6 conversos burned
  • 1482 = Sixtus IV denounced
  • 1483 extended in Aragon
  • Governed by Inquisition General = Torquemada than Cisneros
  • Council of State = General Inquisition + Council of Suprema
  • Auto de Fe
  • Heretics = burned
  • Exaggerated by Protestant propaganda 
  • 1480 - 1488 = 700 + conversos burnt
  • 1483 - 1498 = 2000 people burned
  • Kamen attacks on conversos "amounted to a vertiable holocaust"

Expulsion of the Jews & religious social implications:

  • 1492
  • Alhambra Decree = 1492
  • Jews had good positions = Doctors, financiers, traders + artisans
  • Conversos = Jews who converted to Christianity to avoid perseuction = Significant threat
  • Perception supports evidence that they kept many links to Jewish culture + continue to practice in secret = Significant threat
  • Expelled from Anadalusia in 1483
  • Heavily taxed
  • Auto de Fe = burning of heretics = used by Inquistion
  • 1490 = 2,000 Jews had been put to death by Inquisition
  • Potential source of wealth providing both income + goods
  • Inquisition recommended the Expulsion
  • 200,000 offered significant sums of money to F + I in order to stay
  • Every territory of Spain, except Naples, was involved in te policy of expulsion of 1492
  • Althogether the Jews who left Spain were approximately only three per cent of the total population
  • Although this seems a

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