- Created by: Mgseme2005
- Created on: 13-04-20 17:01
There are four classifications of bones:
- Long bones- used for movement, shape, blood cell production and mineral storage. They're found in limbs. Examples include: femur and humerus.
- Short bones- Found in the hands feet, used for shape and small movements. Examples include: carpals and tarsals.
- Flat bones- found near vital organs. Mainly used for protection. Examples include: scapula, sternum and cranium
- Irregular bones- used for small movements and protection. Examples include: vertebrae.
Tendons and Ligaments
Tendons- attach muscle to bone
Ligament- attach bone to bone
A joint is a point where two or more bones meet. These bones connect to let us move There are 3 types of joints:
- Immovable joints= provide protection, found in the cranium
- Slightly moveable joints= let us make small movements and provide some protection, found in the vertebrae.
- Synovial joints= most common type of joint, let the body move freely.
Synovial joints have the following features:
- Cartilage- smooth cartilage is a protective layer that covers the end of each bone to stop them from rubbing together.
- Joint Capsule- Very tough and fibrous. Lined with a synovial membrane which produces synovial fluid. Synovial fluids keep joints well lubricated ( greased to prevent friction) to stop them wearing down and rubbing together.
- Ligaments- provide strength and keep the bone in place, help…