- Women poets were still facing a brick wall layered with male poets and writers
- Lived through WW1
- Women were fighting for the vote when she was alive
- Two of her siblings were branded to be 'insane'
- Her sister and her made a pack to never marry - didn't want to pass insanity on to children
- She would have been a 'dandy' - dressing like a Victorian man
- Could have been a lesbian
- Women's rights (she was going through the era of change) (whole poem could have been a metaphor for the way women were treated in this time)
- Prodominant awerness of mental illness (she doesnt want to be close with the farmer - seen as abnormal. It could be a conciet for women being locked away from society???) (dehumanisation of mentally ill)
- Nature (is this poem a metaphor for Britain's industrialisation in which nature has been shunned due to greater use in mass machinery?)
- Talk about the microcosm of her society
- 'Bride' - innocence, she doesn't want to call herself a wife
- Farmer's bride could represent women/naturalist
- Farm could be seen as society/ nature
- Farmer could be seen as all men/ exploiter
Voice of the poem:
- the male farmer
- unreliable narration - shows society's views. genuine lack of understanding, fault in him, blindness of man
- represents the male's attitude to marriage
- this is used in an attempt to cristise the male patrichal society and trying to show and imbalance in society
- no set structure in terms of stanza length, meter per line varies
- reflects and imbalance (insane, inequality)
- reflects the three themes
The Farmer's Bride
- possive nature
- attitudes towards gender and marriage
- implies women were considered 'property' - she doesn't even have a name
Three Summers since I chose a maid,
Too young maybe - but to do
At harvest - time than bide and woo
When us was wed she turned afraid
Of love and me and all things human;
Like the shut of a winter's day
Her smile went out, and 'twasn't a woman -
More like a frightened fay.
One night, in the Fall, she runned away.
- 'Three summers' - reference to seasons (nature theme), seasons play out quite significantly in the poem, time of warmth and happiness and brightness.
- 'I chose a maid' - he is the subject. She didn't have a choice which displays how women had very littloe power which was very typical of society and women had little say. She is an object.
- 'do' and 'whoo' -rhyming couplet
- 'at harvest time...' - didn't spend much time romancing her, the prgmatic business of farming land is more important to him. For farmer's its the busiest time. Nature of marriage - why does he marry her if he doesn't have time? Marriage is completely male dominated and women are a commodity. He could see her as a free labourer.
- 'when us was wed' - example of unstandard dialect. Not educated, countryside, lack of sophistication
- 'like the shut of a winter's day'…