The Development of Doctrine

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VIDEO: https://youtu.be/oyhceNDlcKE

1.2 - The Development of Doctrine and Further Reform

TYPES OF RELIGION IN EUROPE

Martin Luther (Lutheranism)

  • Father of Lutheranism

  • Lutherans - his followers

  • German monk

  • 95 Thesis - hammered on Church door

  • Wants Bible in vernacular - so everyone can read it

  • Believes faith alone to get into Heaven

  • Royal Supremacy

  • Gutenberg's printing press, 1450 - help get word around

Popes

  • Clement VII - 1523-34

  • Paul III - 1534-49

  • Julius III - 1550-55

Huldrych Zwingli

  • Zurich based theologian - Switzerland

  • 1484-1531

  • Studied Humanism at uni

  • Becomes a pastor - wants to reform church

  • Clashes with Anabaptists

  • Killed in battle with Catholic cantons - 1531

  • Met Luther - didn’t agree

John Calvin

  • 1509-1564

  • Religious exile from France

  • Fled to Switzerland in 1530s - broke from Catholic church

  • Believed in Predestination - God determined before birth who goes to heaven

Anabaptism

  • Ana - Greek for again

  • Adult baptism

  • Doesn’t believe babies should be baptised

  • We should wipe out hierarchy

  • Munster Rebellion, 1534-4 - slaughtered by Catholics and Protestants

HOW

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