The cognitive approach to treating depression

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  • Created by: gemshort
  • Created on: 16-11-17 11:19

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)

  • CBT is the most commonly used psychological treatment for depression and a range of other mental health issues
  • CBT begins with an assessment in which the patient and therapist work together to clarify the patient's problems
  • They jointly identify goals for the therapy and put together a plan to achieve them - one of the central tasks is to identify where there might be negative/irrational thoughts that will benefit from change
  • CBT then involves working to change negative/irrational thoughts and put more effective behaviours into place

Beck's cognitive therapy

  • The idea behind cognitive therapy is to identify automatic negative thoughts about the world, the future and the self (the negative triad)
  • Once identified, these thoughts must be challenged: as well as challenging them directly, the therapy


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