The cognitive approach to explaining depression

  • AO1:
  • Beck's cognitive theory of depression:
  • Beck suggested that some people are more prong to depression because of faulty information processing i.e. thinking in a flawed way. When depressed people attend to the negative aspects of a situation and ignore positives, they also tend to blow small problems out of proportion and think in 'black and white' terms. 
  • Depressed people have negative self-schemas. A schema is a 'package' of information and ideas developed through experience. We use schemas to interpret the world, so if a person has a negative self-schema they interpret all information about themselves in a negative way. 
  • There are 3 elements to the negative triad:
  • Negative views of the world, e.g. 'the world is a cold, hard place.
  • Negative view of the future, e.g. 'there isn't much chance that the economy will get better'
  • Negative view of the self, e.g. thinking 'i am a failure' and this negatively impacts upon self-esteem. 
  • Ellis' ABC model:
  • A - activating event: Ellis suggested that depression arises from irrational thoughts, According to Ellis depression occurs when we experience negative events, e.g. failing an important test or ending a relationship. 
  • B - beliefs: Negative events trigger irrational beliefs, for example" Ellis called the belief that we must always succeed 'musterbation'. 'i cant stand this' is the belief that

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The cognitive approach to explaining depression

  • AO1:
  • Beck's cognitive theory of depression:
  • Beck suggested that some people are more prong to depression because of faulty information processing i.e. thinking in a flawed way. When depressed people attend to the negative aspects of a situation and ignore positives, they also tend to blow small problems out of proportion and think in 'black and white' terms. 
  • Depressed people have negative self-schemas. A schema is a 'package' of information and ideas developed through experience. We use schemas to interpret the world, so if a person has a negative self-schema they interpret all information about themselves in a negative way. 
  • There are 3 elements to the negative triad:
  • Negative views of the world, e.g. 'the world is a cold, hard place.
  • Negative view of the future, e.g. 'there isn't much chance that the economy will get better'
  • Negative view of the self, e.g. thinking 'i am a failure' and this negatively impacts upon self-esteem. 
  • Ellis' ABC model:
  • A - activating event: Ellis suggested that depression arises from irrational thoughts, According to Ellis depression occurs when we experience negative events, e.g. failing an important test or ending a relationship. 
  • B - beliefs: Negative events trigger irrational beliefs, for example" Ellis called the belief that we must always succeed 'musterbation'. 'i cant stand this' is the belief that

Comments

No comments have yet been made