COGNITIVE EXPLANATIONS OF GAMBLING
- Initation: Self-Medication
- individuals intentionally use different forms of pathological behaviour to treat their psycholgoical symptons that they suffer from.
- Gambling may be used to deal with difficulties such as poverty, and will not make things better
- Maintenance: The role of Irrational Beliefs
- Problem gamblers frequenctly have irrational perceptions about their ability to infleunce the outcomes of their gambling.
- Cognitive distortions associated with gambling include the 'gambler's fallacy' : completely random events are influenced by recent events.
- Illusions of control are deomnstrated through the performance of superstititious behaviours, which the gambler believes helps them to manipulate the event outcome in their favour.
- May also show an exaggerated self-confidence in their ability to beat the system.
- attributes to bility of skill and failure attributed to change factors; bad luck
- Relapse: Reclal bias and the 'just world' hypothesis
- OFten suffer from recall bias, forgetting about losses.
- string of losses does not combat hope, eventually will be rewarded for efforts as they deserve to win.
- Research Support
- research support for the self medication model.
- pathological gambles gambling for plleasure were more likely to have other substancies dependance issues.
- self-medicating gamblers were less likely to commit crimes to finance their addiction
- Pathological gamblers motivated by self medication have substitute means to satisfy their goals, those gambling for pure pleasure do not.
- Non-supporting research
- research suggests that possessing relevant knowledge does not make people less susceptible to cognitive distortions.
- pathological gamblers more irrational in some forms of gambling…