The manufacturing sequence
- Fibres form the natural or synthetic starting point from hich all fabrics are made.
- Yarns and fibres that have been spun into long lengths, which are then twisted and wound onto spool or cones.
Fibres (Cotton, linen and silk (natural fibres)) or (polyester, nylon and viscose(synthestic fibres)) --- > Felted or boun-ded to, eg carpet underlaying.
--- > or Twisted to form yarn ---> Woven to make fabric eg, damask or denim
---> or knitted to make fabrics (e.g. jersey and double jersey t-shirts (weft knitting)) or nets, lace and terry towelling (warp knitting)
Origin of Natural Fibres
1) Cotton, Produced by the seed boll of the cotton plant, This is harvested and then dried before ginning to remove all seeds. The fibres then undergo carding and combing in order to get them to lie in the same direction. This creates slivers that are drawn into roving, spinning then stretches and twists the fibres into stable yarns.
2) Wool, produced mainly by sheep, which are shorn by shoring. The fleece is then graded for quality and scoured to remove grease…