- "large stone hall" imagery of a cold, dark and enclosed place like a prison which creates a sense of isolation
- "employing themselves" metaphor for how they work hard for little in return
- "wild with hunger" metaphor- description of how desprate for food they are, connotes animal behaviour, dehumanising them
- colloqualism mentions how a boy was so hungrey he felt he could "eat the boy who slept next to him"
- emotive language to make the reader feel sorry for them "desprate with hunger, and reckless with misery"
- hyperbole (exageration for comic effect) "turned…