- Created by: issywhittingham
- Created on: 08-01-20 17:50
Constituents - need a head, can test using substution test, pro form test, echo question test, clefting test
Complements are sister to XP's and Adjuncts are sister to X'
Tests for complements and adjuncts:
Deletion, Location, Order
Adjuncts can be deleted, complements have to be positioned by the verb and the order of adjuncts can be moved around other adjuncts WITHIN REASON
One argument has one predicate and one subject - NO MORE!
other things than verbs can be predicates! e.g. adjectives - beautiful, barks
sentences are complete propositions
predicates are one place or two place predicates
Not all subjects are arguments; they can be dummy subjects - they have no semantic role
subjects = external arguments