Sustainable Agriculture Notes

Sustainable Agriculture 

Case Study and Notes Geography HL 


‘Sustainability rests on the principle that we must meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Therefore, stewardship of both natural and human resources is of prime importance. Stewardship of human resources includes consideration of social responsibilities such as working and living conditions of labourers, the needs of rural communities, and consumer health and safety both in the present and future. Stewardship of land and natural resources involves maintaining or enhancing this vital resource base for the long term.’


Famers, therefore can be seen as stewards of the land. The decisions they make can cause damage to the topsoil or water balance and need to be taken carefully. This can be comprised when there is a perceived need to produce as much food as possible as quickly as possible in response to food insecurity or rapidly rising food prices. 

Sustainable farming involves the production of food in such a way as to maintain the capacity for growing food from the same land in the future. 

There are several key ideas which will be found on most farms which are attempting to work sustainably. Generally, these farms try to copy natural processes, which often mean


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