Sufism

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: JMitch
  • Created on: 26-05-13 11:16

Sufism

Overview and Origins

  • Tasawwuf - Sufism = Wool or simple clothing - This represents the ascetic nature of Sufism
  • It is the mystical element of Islam looking at individual relationships to Allah rather than just obeying the rules (Watton)
  • Came about in the 10th Century and was a reaction to the materialism of the Abbasad Dynasty - About returning to the ideal
  • 'It was once a reality without a name, it is now a name without reality' (Fushanji) - I.e. Sufism was Islam to begin with it now has a name but is not followed as widely
  • Aim to be more like the Caliphs: 'Muhammad bound a stone to his stomach when he was hungry, Abu Bak'r had a simple garment tied with two pins, Umar lived on bread and olive oil and Uthman looked like one of his slaves in appearence' (Sufi Hadith)
  • 'Sufism is like a oak tree in a meadow, no one knows who planted it, but it is so big it speaks for itself' (Al Ghazali)
  • It is said that 80% of British Muslims are Sufi (According to a Radio 4 Discussion on Sufism)
  • Accusations that Sufis aren't Muslim are dismissed by William Stoddart: 'One cannot be Benedictine without being Christian or Sufi without being a Muslim. There is no Sufism without Islam'

Sufi aims and practices

  • A Sufi pupil (Muhrid) is mentored by a Shaykh or Pir - they are taught greater Jihad to cleanse the soul in preparation for an experience to God
  • Sufis tend to have a very close and individual 
  • Sufi's follow the Tariqah - Sufi path to God - overcoming self (Ego) to reach Allah
  • Marafah - Gnosis - Gaining and reaching knowledge

Comments

HanaaNazir

This was a lifesaver to me. Cheers ;)))))

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all resources »