WHAT IS THE VERIFICATION PRINCIPLE?
The belief that statements are only meaningful if they can be verified by the senses. There are both strong and weak forms of the principle, the former being associated with the logical positivists.
WHO WERE THE LOGICAL POSITIVISTS?
Also known as the Vienna Circle, they were a group of philosophers formed in the 1920s in Vienna, Austria. They were strong advocates of using sense experience and logical analysis when it came to philosophical problems.
Notable members included A. J. Ayer, Rudolph Carnap, Moritz Schlick. They were heavily influenced by the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein:
"Where of you cannot speak, where of you must remain silent."
They formulated the verification principle as a means of establishing the meaningfulness of religious statements...
THE TESTING PROCESS
- Part 1: Empirical testing -if a religious statement can be shown to be true/false using the…