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What is a Stroke?

A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. thismay be because of blood being restricted or stopped, which leads to brain cell dying. which can lead to brain damage and possibly death. there are two main types of stroke:

  • ischaemic (accounting for over 80% of all cases) the blood supply is stopped due to a blood clot
  • haemorrhagic a weakened blood vessel supplying the brain bursts and causes brain damage


The main stroke symptoms can be remembered with the word FAST: Face-Arms-Speech-Time.

  • Face the face may have dropped on one side, the person may not be able to smile or their mouth or eye may have drooped
  • Arms the person with suspected stroke may not be able to lift one or both arms and keep them there because of arm weakness or numbness
  • Speech their speech may be slurred or garbled, or the person may not be able to talk at all despite appearing to be awake
  • Time it is time to dial 999 immediately if you see any of these signs or symptoms

other symptoms include:

  • numbness or weakness resulting in complete paralysis of one side of the body
  • sudden loss of vision
  • dizziness
  • communication problems, difficulty talking and understanding what others are saying
  • problems with balance and coordination
  • difficulty swallowing
  • sudden and severe headache, unlike any the person has had before, especially if associated with neck stiffness
  • blacking out (in severe cases)


A stroke is very preventable, this is done by lifestyle


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