Offences of Strict Liabilty are where a defendant will be liable for an offence by comitting the actus reus alone, no mens rea is needed.
In Harrow LBC v Shah held comitting the actus reus of selling a lottery ticket to a minor was enough, it did not matter if the mens rea was not present.
Statutory Presumption is where the courts will try and presume that the offence requires the mens rea. the first approach is to find words within the act of parliament that indicate that the mens rea is present. There words are, intention, recklessness, knowingly and willingly.
the common law presumption is if the act doesnt indicate the words of the mens rea, then the courts will presume that the mens rea…