- Created by: eviemaycunningham
- Created on: 02-04-19 13:38
Evaluation of individualistic theories
learning theories - banduras social learning theory
the bobo doll experiment showed the model did have an effect on the child, study showed cause and effect
the experiment and variables were highly controlled (bgender and actions of the model) allowing greater accuracy, making the results more reliable as they are easier to replicate
the study has been replicated and similar results were found due to a standardised procedure
a la experiment was used meaning the study lacked ecological validity - the model is a stranger to the child this lacks validity as typically it takes place where the children are familiar with the model.
ethical issues may take place as the children were exposed to aggression with the understanding they would imitate it - issues with protection
psychodynamic theories - freud
contributed to research about crime and behaviour. in particular, the focus on childhood experiances and the importance of them on future behaviour should not be under estimated.
the ID, ego and superego relate to different parts of the brain and their functions and development limbic system = brains emotion centre - ID and the pre-frontal cortex = rational decision making - ego
psychodynamic theories are no longer accredited due to the difficulty of testing concepts such as the unconcious mind
unscientific and lack objective interpretation, too subjective and anaylists could draw different conclusions.
lack of qauntitative data, he knew his patients so could not be objective
psychological theories - eysencks criminal personality type
his research on soilders supported his theory, he predicted the most traumitised soilders would score highly on neurotic
could help in reducing crime if this theory is correct and tendincies towards criminal behaviour are detectable in childhood, could lead to interventions based on parenting or early treatment.
lack of reliabliity, as people may not respond exactly the same to the same questions everday or every time. or social desirability/ demand charectoristics could come into place.
could be biased or deliberatly false answers as it relys of self report measures about a persons view of their personality.
theory suggests personality is genetic and fails to consider it may change over time.
evaluation of biological theories
physiological - lombroso
his work heralded the begginings of offender profiling useful in terms of its influence for criminology
several theories provide evidence to his theory ( butcher and taylor, 2007) suggests that less attractive individuals are more likely to be considered guilty
deterministic as it assumes people cannot escape a criminal destiny ( some may interpret we should give up on those who turn to crime)
lacks social sensitivity,the descriptions match those of a african descent
lack of a control group - no comparisons can be made
not everyone with…