Strengthening the State, 1500 - 1516 (part 3)

HideShow resource information

Strengthening the State, 1500 - 1516

Les Reyes Catolicos:

  • Ferdinand + Isabella known for = piety 
  • As Los Reyes Catolicos or the Catholic Monarchs of Spain
  • They were determined to bring reform to a church which, in common with other European states, had become corrupt
  • Clergy had to be requested "to refrain from gambling or singing or dancing in public"
  • Isabella complained to a bishop in 1500 about the misdemeanours of the clergy in his diocese + that "greater part of the clergy are said to be and are in concubinage publicly, and, if our justice intervenes to punish them, they revolt"
  • To encourage reform, the Catholic monarchs set up colleges to educate the clergy
  • Men of non-noble origin were encouraged to train in the hope that they would be less likely to get involved in politics and conflict with members of the nobility
  • 1508 = Cisneros had set up a university in Alcala, near Madrid, although its first students did not arrive until 1518
  • University became important centre for theological training
  • The Polyglot bible was published
  • Bible = landmark event, it presented the scriptures in 3 languages in a format that allowed for comparison, encouraging debate and greater understanding
  • Rawlings "It set the seal on the reputation of the university in terms of humanist scholarship"
  • Inquisition was allowed + encouraged to continue to work towards uniformity
  • 1502 = all non-baptised Muslims (Moors) from Granada, who had not converted to Chrisitianity, were ordered to leave Castile and Leon
  • The majority of Muslims remained despite the inquistion
  • The number of persecutions fell in this period but there were clear attempts to change the culture of the Morrish inhabitants
  • Talavera, the Archbishop of Granada, advised that they must conform 
  • More important target for the Inquisition was the Jews
  • More than a thousand of Jews were arrested by 1505
  • Even Archbishop Talavera became a victim
  • Many were burned; in Cordoba alone in 1504, up to 134 conversos suffered this fate
  • 1518 the Cortes of Valladoil reported that "many innocent and guiltless have suffered death, harm, oppression, injury and infamy"
  • Conversos who formed part of the Communeros Revolt 1520 - 1521, were also victims
  • Monastic reforms = on agenda = involving the Benedictins, Cistercians and Augustinians
  • Commissioners were sent out to reform the monasteries
  • Pope agreed that appeals to Rome to allow exceptions t their Rule could no longer be lodged by the monasteries
  • Commissioners were sent out to reform the monasteries
  • Pope agreed that appeals to Rome to allow exceptions to their Rule could no longer be lodged by the monasteries
  • The Rule identified the specific discipline of the Order, e.g. when r whether they were allowed to speak
  • Changes revived the strict observance of monastic life as originally intended by the Rules of each Order
  • Policies hit hard, but had some success in promoting the Christian faith
  • There were still complaints as late as 1511 about clergy who had clearly not achieved their positions on merit
  • Financial issues = significant = one

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Spain resources »