Stage Models of Moral Development



This is the most common level of morality in young children. Pre-conventional morality is based on its actions and direct consequences.

Stage 1 – Obedience and punishment orientation

A focus on the direct consequences of their actions on themselves.

Stage 2 –The Instrumental purpose orientation

Moral behaviour is defined by self-interest, but in a narrow way that does not take account of their reputation or relationships.


Conventional morality is the most common type of reasoning with adolescents and many adults. In this stage, an individual will assess morality by comparing it


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