- Created by: Lucy parkes
- Created on: 10-03-17 12:10
Metaphysics of consciousness, including:
- Substance dualism
- Plato was a substance dualist.
- He believed that the soul and body were two distinct substances.
- He also did not give any evidence of this. He assumes instead of providing evidence.
- Plato did not say how the body and soul are interlinked in any way, this makes his argument less likely to be possible/believable.
- Rene Descartes was also a substance dualist, however was more extreme than Plato.
- Descartes was unsuprised that the Aristotlian view was discarded/ignored, this was because of his extreme methods.
- Descartes notes how sense experience may be mistaken, and spectacles about whether his senses might be misled by some malicious demon.
- This could mean that the material world and even his body might be an illusion.
- He conlcudes that there is only one certain piece of knowledge, at least, the cogito.
- This is usually rendered as, 'i think, therefore i am.'