Sociology Key Terms

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 Ascribed status: an inherited status

Birth rate: the number of live births per 1000 of the population per year

Close-knit community: a community in which there are close relationships between people (everyone knows each other)  

Consumption: the ways in which individuals use goods and services

Demography: the study of population change

Diversity: difference, variation

Divorce petition: a legal request for a divorce

Divorce: the legal ending of a marriage

Domestic labour: work done in the home such as childcare, cooking and cleaning

Emigration: people moving abroad

Empty nest family: a nuclear family where the children have grown up and moved out

Empty shell marriage: a marriage in which the partners no longer love each other but stay together, usually for the sake of the children

Expressive role: Parson’s term for the female function, Women have an expressive role of caring for her children, proving them warmth, security and emotional support

Extended family: a family which consists of more than just parents and children, it could be a family that includes parents, children, cousins, aunts, uncles, grandparents etc.

Family: A group of people related by blood, marriage or adoption. E.g. a nuclear family is related through blood whereas a reconstituted family is related through law

Fertility rate: the average number of children born per 1000 women


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