- (Allan and Crow 2001) Relationships are based on love, even though we don't know what it is.
- Love is seen as part of everyday culture, e.g. the media.
- Before industrialisation marriage was more of an economic relationship - wealthy families would intermarry.
- (Giddens) The reality of love for women is hard work and un-happiness.
- Confluent love is the concept for modern society - The relationship is based upon openess and mutual satisfaction, and only lasts as long as both people are happy.
- Feminists are particularly interested in how women experience family life.
- Governments are interested in how domestic labour contributes to society.
- Can form a basis for gender indentity and inequality.
Privatised nuclear family
- (Young and Willmott 1973) Say that we have a decline in the extended family and we now have ore emphasis on the privatised nuclear family.
- The family is geographically mobile and has to be small - means fewer people in the family therefore there are smaller connections with other family members.
- More responsiblity is based on parents and expectations of parents are higher.
- Same sex families have more shared jobs.
- Single parent families have to balance work and domestic labour.
- Lone person households take care for the household and not children.
- Extended families can get extra childcare from grandparents.
- Stepfamilies; step parents are not involved in childcare.
- Conjugal roles; the distinctive roles of the husband and wife that results from the division of labour in the family. These can be joint or segregated.
- (Ann Oakley) Believes the housewive role came from the industrial revolution where women were banned from factories so therefore confined in the home. Criticised Young and Willmott's methodology - one task a week was counted as helping out with domestic labour. 'Helping' also implies that it is the woman's job.
- (Elizabeth Bott) Found there were clearly seperate roles within the family.
- (Martin) Housework is actually liberating for women as they get to have a sense of control. Oakley is being stereotypical and not everyone experiences it in the same way.
- (Young and Willmott 1973) A move from 'segregated roles' in working class families. 'Companionable' marriage was now accepted as the ideal where spouses had equal responsibility for domestic labour.
- 'Symmertrical family' Both leisure time and domestic labour are shared. Therefore the domestic division of labour according to gender was broken down and they found 78% of men did housework.
- (Warner 2005) Found that most home based mothers took part in 100 hours a week of work. She found the mothers she interviewed were spending 41 hours a week on childcare only. She exaggerates that women get no pay and low recognition, and the amount of hours a person is allowed to work a week is 48.
- (Garrad 2005) Women who had a full time job took part in 3 times much time than…