Karl Marx (1818- 1883)
Power stemmed from wealth.
Mainainance of Capitalism
Powerful ruling class
Exploitation of subject class
Myth of Meritocracy
Bowles and Gintis (1976)
Education produces capitalist relations of productions with the appropriate skills and attitudes
What goes on in school correspondes with what goes on in the work place
Success is not related to intelligence
Most successful =white middle class
EDUCATION AND IDEOLOGY LOUIS ALTHUSSER (1972) "No class can hold power for long simply by the use of force" The education system has replaced the church.
Reproduces workers schooled to accept their place in capitalist society
CULTURAL CAPITAL- BOURDIEU (1984). Intellect, speech (usually middle class)
Socialisation- education helps to socialise society into key cultural values such as achievement, competition and equality of opportunity.
Emile Durkheim- concerned that education should emphasise moral responsibilities
SKILLS PROVISION- education provides skills required by a modern insudstrial…