Sociology - Education and Methods in Context: 2 Mark Questions - Practice:
Explain what is meant by the term ‘elaborated speech code’
This is a theory developed by Bernstein which suggested that the middle class speak more elaborately, with a wider vocabulary, in more complex syntax and also is less context based.
Explain what is meant by the term 'educational triage’
This is where pupils are divided up by teachers; pupils who are hopeless, those who are C/D borderline are supported, and also those who will do well anyway.
Explain what is meant by 'Cultural Capital’
This is where children are socialised into more middle class attitudes, go to galleries, are well read and educated etc. This also includes their interests and whether they are serious or complex.
Explain what is meant by 'restricted speech code’
This is a theory developed by Bernstein who suggests that the working classes are more likely to have a restricted code, which is limited in vocabulary and punctuation, context based, and lacking in correct grammar.
Explain what is meant by 'Compensatory education’
This is a strategy that is available to combat cultural education and inadequate socialisation, they provide extra resources to help those in need, like programmes like Sure Start.
Explain what is meant by 'Subculture’
This is where pupils can form their own groups with values that tend to be different from the larger culture. For example, anti-school subcultures deviate from the norm of liking school and adopt their own values of hating school and not appreciating it.
Explain what is meant by the term 'ethnic group’
This is a group of people that associate themselves with a different group identified by nationality, religion, culture and language.
Explain what is meant by the term 'secondary socialisation’
Within education, this refers to the way the way students are socialised into society's norms and attitudes, this is different from primary socialisation which is from the family.
Explain what is meant by the term 'hidden curriculum’
This is things that pupils are taught implicitly within schools. For example, these include being punctual, accepting the subordinate role in society and in the workplace.
Explain what is meant by the term 'comprehensive education’
This is a form of education that is widely available in theory to everyone, and teaches everyone the same curriculum, so everyone has an equal chance.
Explain what is meant by the term 'social solidarity’
This is where society's norms and values are taught through lessons in schools so that pupils feel they have a shared heritage and culture so they they feel more as one in society. For example, in Britain learning about British history.
Explain what is meant by 'present time orientation’
This is a theory developed by Sugarman who suggested that working class people have attitudes which are orientated on the present, so only planning for the short term, not the long term.
Explain what is meant by 'ethnocentric curriculum’
This is the idea that the curriculum is based on one culture…